Key Causes of Sore Throat and How to Deal with Them?

A sore throat is often referred to as an irritation with noted itching and pain in the throat which makes it difficult to talk, breathe and swallow. It is a very painful and annoying condition that can affect all people from all age groups. According to the online patient portal KOOLMD and allied healthcare professionals, sore throat is a common symptom of different medical disorders. So, the real cause is determined only after diagnosing by specialists.

Mild sore throat can be treated at home by using home-remedies. But when it persists longer than a week, one should seek doctor consultation. However, due to a busy schedule, work some people avoid seeing a doctor and choose to self-medicate. This makes one feel better for a while but it doesn’t cure the underlying disease condition(s) (as the treatment should be decided as per diseases). So, it can come back again with a worse condition. A person may experience sickness, fatigue, annoyance, pain or discomfort, inability to sleep, breathing problems and fevers with difficulty eating or drinking. Medicines generally have side-effects you may not know, but a medical doctor would be able to advise on those side effects. So, it is extremely important to take medicines only after consulting with doctors.

When you find it hard to take time off from work, or clear your personal schedule to head to a clinic then an online medical consultation is just what the doctor ordered. In this process, you can get a medical consultation at your desired place. It means there is no need to take leave as you can get an online appointment at your convenient time. Just be ready with your medical papers, charts or health history (if any) at your appointment time and get connected with doctors via a web-cam or video conferencing process. With the help of real time telemedicine solutions, KOOLMD has developed a rich telehealth program which empowers patients to manage their different medical disorders in a less expensive and convenient manner.

So, it is important to book a virtual doctor consultation appointment to know the proper cause of a sore throat and get timely treatments. Majority of persistent sore throats are caused by infections. It is contagious, so you need to take proper care. Infections are caused by either viruses or bacteria. Other reasons may include discomfort due to nightly snoring, gastric reflux, and allergies. Often these latter conditions are also missed. Untreated strep throat or other infections with strep bacteria that progress to rheumatic fever can cause heart valve disease. Often these symptoms may not manifest for years and by then the permanent injury is irreversible.

There are many reasons that lead to a sore throat. They are –

  • Infections in throat including cough, flu, colds, mononucleosis and croup trigger pain in throat.

  • Bacterial infection can arouse the irritation in the throat. Streptococcal bacteria can cause strep throat. Diphtheria and whooping cough also affect the throat badly.

  • Enlargement of the tonsils

  • Some environmental factors including pollen, mold, pet dander, dust and other irritants elements of surrounding area cause post-nasal drip. It can collect excess mucus in the back of the throat and cause extreme pain in throat.

  • Some bad habits like smoking or exposure to their smoke infects or irritates the throat.

  • Too much talking and yelling can strain on your throat.

  • Nose and sinus infection may also lead to pain and infection in the throat.

  • Sore throat can be also a symptom of Epiglottitis which cause swelling of your epiglottis and make breathing difficult.

  • A bad digestive condition also leads to a sore throat.

  • In rare cases it emerges as a symptom of HIV and throat cancer.

Home remedies for treating mild sore throat.

  • Take liquid diet

  • Gargle with warm salt water

  • Taking steam to reduce infection

  • Warm tea with honey, particularly use of Manuka honey.

Detecting Sore Throat

If sore throat cannot cure even after eight to nine days, then it is important to consult with a doctor. Here are some signs that you should tell your doctor through online patient portal.

  • Having trouble in breathing and swallowing

  • Joint pain

  • Fever

  • Rashes

  • Lump in the neck, either palpable or visible

  • Fever (over 101°)

  • Difficulty in opening the mouth

  • Earache

  • Blood in saliva

  • Often recurring sore throat

  • Hoarseness lasting over two weeks


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